No Doubt was formed in 1986 by Gwen Stefani, her brother Eric Stefani, and John Spence. In 1987, Spence committed suicide, throwing the band's future into doubt. However, they re-formed a few weeks later, feeling that this would be his wish. After several years of performing around their native Anaheim, California, they were signed by Interscope Records, who published their eponymous debut album in 1992. A ska/pop album released at the time of a major grunge movement and little promotional attention from the Seattle-focused label doomed the album to 30,000 copies sold and no chart appearance, as accounted in an OC Weekly article. When the band went to record more material, most of it was rejected by the studio. Eventually, they were put to work with Trauma Records, a smaller indie label, and the band self-released The Beacon Street Collection in 1995. Although it too failed to chart, it ended up selling three times as many records as No Doubt. According to the band's All Music profile, the second album had a sound closer to the rawness of grunge, while retaining the group's ska roots.
Later in 1995, No Doubt released their third studio album, Tragic Kingdom. The album became a smash hit and the breakthrough that the band was looking to receive. It peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 and has sold over 16 million copies, making it one of the best selling albums in American music history. It was certified diamond in February 1999, according to the RIAA's record of diamond awards. Empowered by the success of the album, the band hit the road with the Tragic Kingdom tour, which lasted over two years, according to Vogue. After the tour, the band headed back to the studio to record their fourth album, Return of Saturn, released in 2000. Though it didn't match the wild success of the previous work and was released to mixed reviews, it reached number two on the Billboard 200 and sold over 1.5 million copies.
In 2001, No Doubt released their fifth album, Rock Steady. It improved on the commercial viability of the band, which had slipped with the previous album. The album sold 3 million copies and charted at number nine on the Billboard 200. As opposed to the band's other albums, No Doubt worked with a number of producers on this album, including Timbaland and Sly & Robbie, and utilized different writing styles, which led to a significantly different album. In addition, pop singer Prince wrote album song "Waiting Room." No Doubt has also worked with the bands Bush, Fishbone & Familyhood, Blink-182, and rapper Bounty Killer. In 2004, the band went on hiatus so that the members could pursue solo projects. Lead singer Gwen Stefani has had a particularly successful solo career, with album sales of over 11 million between two albums, according to The Daily Telegraph. The band re-united in early 2008 with plans for a new album and tour. The Stand and Deliver Tour, in promotion of their first single in six years, began on May 1, 2009.