One of the most important figures in popular music history, Stevie Wonder has been recording music for Motown Records since the age of twelve. Blind since his infancy, Wonder took up a fascination and love for instruments at an early age. He was introduced to Motown Records CEO Berry Gordy in 1962, who was so impressed with the young musician that Gordy signed him to the label under the name Little Stevie Wonder. Wonder released "Fingertips Part 2" in 1963, with the musician covering vocals, bongos, and the harmonica. It featured a young Marvin Gaye on drums. The song rose to #1 on the US charts and put Stevie Wonder on the American music map.
Throughout the next two and a half decades, Wonder worked to become a music legend. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s he released hit songs including "Signed, Sealed, Delivered I’m Yours," "You are the Sunshine of My Life," "Superstition," and a cover of the Bob Dylan song "Blowin' in the Wind." Wonder's popularity reached new heights in the 1980s as he eclipsed being just an artist and became a pop culture icon. He appeared as himself on The Cosby Show in 1985. During the decade, he guest-starred or collaborated with many artists, including a duet with Paul McCartney on the 1982 song "Ebony and Ivory," a guest appearance on the Elton John single "I Guess That's Why They Call It the Blues," and a charity single "That's What Friends Are For" with Elton John, Dionne Warwick and Gladys Knight. Wonder's 1981 song "Happy Birthday," off of his Hotter than July album, helped to campaign to make Martin Luther King Day a national holiday. In 1989, the singer took his place in the annals of music history by being inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.